Just about every injury imaginable can be suffered in a motor vehicle accident by drivers and passengers alike. Bruises, broken bones, burns, paralysis, collapsed lungs – virtually any body part can be damaged, depending on the circumstances and severity of the crash. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), vehicle accidents from 2006 to 2010 were responsible for 14.3 percent of all traumatic brain injuries (TBI) among all age groups. When considering just TBI-related deaths, motor vehicle crashes ranked as the second leading cause, at 26 percent.

External physical forces, such as when a head in motion is suddenly stopped by striking a windshield, dashboard, or steering wheel, can result in brain damage. Any jolt, bump, or blow to the head can cause the brain to move violently, stretching axons, tearing blood vessels, even smashing the soft tissue of the brain into the hard bones of the skull.

If you have suffered a brain bleed in an auto wreck, or if such an injury has happened to someone you love, the Kentucky closed head injury attorneys of the Johnson Law Firm can help.

Based in Pikeville, founding attorney Billy Johnson believes that those who cause harm to others should be held accountable for their actions. He is a proven advocate with over 15 years’ experience who has handled litigation in the United States Court of Appeals, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky, the United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky, and the United States Bankruptcy Court. Get started today with a free, no-obligation case review by calling 606-433-0682. You can also fill out this online form to discuss the details of your accident and find out your rights.

The brain uses about 20 percent of the total oxygen and blood in the human body. Weighing about 3.4 pounds, this organ is made of extremely delicate soft tissue covered in three protective membrane layers and floating in fluid within the skull. When there is a sudden speeding up and slowing down, such as in a car wreck, the brain continues to move after the head has stopped, causing bruising and bleeding at the part of the brain near the point of impact. After hitting the front of the skull, the brain can bounce back and slam against the back of the skull.

As a result of the direct trauma, blood can leak from a ruptured vessel and collect within the skull. Medically referred to as a hematoma, internal bleeding in the brain takes up space in the skull and squeezes down on the brain, pushing the brain against the skull and preventing the flow of oxygen-rich blood. The lack of oxygen causes additional brain swelling, and it takes only five to ten minutes of oxygen deprivation to result in permanent damage. The combined pressure can also be fatal.

The main symptom of a brain bleed is a sudden, severe headache. Pain is often worse near the back of the head, and many patients describe it as different from any other type of headache they’ve ever experienced. Other common symptoms include:

  • Sudden and extreme changes in mood or personality
  • Confusion
  • Light sensitivity
  • Memory problems
  • Muscle aches (especially neck and shoulder pain)
  • Nausea
  • Problems moving or feeling limbs
  • Seizures
  • Glossy eyes
  • Sleepiness
  • Vomiting.

A serious brain injury is not always obvious. It can take anywhere from a few minutes to a few days for the blood to pool, depending on whether the bleed develops between the brain and its membranes or the membranes and the skull. Immediate medical attention when first experiencing symptoms is crucial to preventing permanent brain damage. If surgery is needed to bring the bleeding to an end and relieve the pressure, an emergency craniotomy can be done. As swelling decreases and blood flow increases, brain function usually improves.

Typical post-operative treatment is a month or more in intensive care along with a few years of physical and cognitive therapy.

Johnson Law Firm Pikeville, KYIf you have suffered a brain hematoma after a vehicle accident, you need an experienced attorney to effectively represent your interests. At the Johnson Law Firm, our Pikeville closed head injury lawyers handle personal injury cases in Eastern Kentucky and statewide. Our founder, Billy Johnson, has been named a Super Lawyer by U.S. News & World Report as well as an American Trial Lawyers Association Top 100 trial lawyer and he is a proud member of the Million Dollar and Multi-Million Dollar Advocates Forums. It’s important to contact us as soon as possible after you are injured in an accident, because any delay can cause critical evidence to be lost and make it harder to prove fault. To get our team started immediately on your behalf, contact us today by filling out this evaluation form or calling us at 606-433-0682.